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The Student Town Council

The Student Town Council

The Student Town Council establishment

It was founded on September 29th 1999 through the Town Council resolution 75 in which was also adopted the regulations of the newborn institution.

The Student Town Council, through the resolutions 41 and 25 respectively dated 10th May 2000 and 24th May 2002, emended some Statute's articles concerning the number of the candidates and the criteria that must be applied in order to choose the Town Council members.

The Town Council and the Student Town Council
Two institutions in comparison

The Town Council: What is it?

The Student Town Council: what is it?

It is a municipal and collective institution composed of members (the so-called councillors) who monitor and direct the town administration policy. It is also defined (as well as the Mayor and the administration board) “political institution” to distinguish it from the government branches that are represented by the town officers.

Citizens, whose names are entered on the electoral rolls, every 5 years elect the Town Council members who remain in their offices until the election of the new Council.

The number of the councillors can change from municipality to municipality, as it is calculated on the basis of the number of the citizens who have right to vote.

The article 1 of the law 81/93 decrees that the higher is the population density, the larger is the number of the candidates who can be elected councillors (12 members not considering the Mayor for the municipalities with a population of three thousands; 60 members not including the Mayor for the cities with over one million inhabitants.

Matelica has a Town Council made up of 21 councillors including the Mayor, as it is amongst those cities with a population between ten thousands and thirty thousands.

It is a joint institution, which was established by the Municipality in order to promote the development of public spirit amongst the secondary-school students of the town. It is a sort of “gymnasium” where teenagers can get used to have a debate or discuss their problems and Matelica's ones.

The twenty councillors and the Mayor, who are elected by all the secondary-school students of Matelica, remain in their offices for a year.

   
How many are its members?

How many are its members and how is the voting procedure?

Matelica has a Town Council made up of 21 councillors including the Mayor, as it is amongst those cities with a population between ten thousands and thirty thousands.

The Council is formed of twenty-one members including the Mayor. All the secondary-school students residing in Matelica can be elected councillors. The student who polls more votes is proclaimed Mayor. A committee presides over the polling and it is made of:

•  The headmaster, or one of his delegates;

•  The Mayor, or one of his delegates;

•  An officer designed by the Mayor.

Tempi e modalità di voto:

Voting procedure:

The 15th of October

No later than the 15th of October, each secondary-school student can stand as a candidate for the Student Town Council.

The 20th of October

No later than the 20th of October, the headmaster publishes the party list. The number of the candidates, whose names are drown lots amongst the many candidatures, must not be below the forty.

Electoral Campaign

The electoral campaign usually starts the day after the publication of the party list.

Election day

The Election Day is usually on the second Friday of November (from 9,00 to 12,00). The polling station is placed in the Enrico Mattei School and is composed of four vote counters, a chief electoral officer and an adult.

Electors can give their preferential ballot to only two candidates.

Vote Count:

It usually begins after the poll closing. The candidate who is the biggest vote getter is proclaimed Mayor, while the first twenty students who poll more votes are elected councillors.

Electoral results:

On the following Monday, the headmaster hands the election results to the Mayor of Matelica, who announces the establishment of the new Student Town Council and presents the newly-elected student Mayor with the tricolour Italian band.

The members of the newly elected Council meet usually by the end of December.

   
What are its functions What are its functions

As we have already said, the Town Council is a political institution composed of members who monitor and direct the town government policy. It performs its functions, which are established in the article 42 of the Local Authorities' Code, in compliance with the municipality's Statue (called “Magna Carta del Comune”), regulations and resolutions.

The Town Council has the authority to plan the following government branches:

Finanza, Tributi e Patrimonio

Finance, Taxes and Public Property

Balance, Taxation, services and their costs, acquisitions and property mortgages.

Urbanistica

Town planning

Territory and town plans, urban renewal of the historic centre.

Opere Pubbliche

Public works

Public works programme

Personale

Staff administration

Recruitment programme and department and services management.

Cooperazione con altri Enti Locali

Cooperation with other Local Authorities

Establishment of Consortia for an associate supply of community service (e.g. Collection and urban waste disposal service)

The Student Town Council has advisory and law-making capacities that it carries on through the inquiry and the expression of opinions on matters and problems concerning the town government activities, citizens' requests and social expectations such as environmental protection, spare time, no-profit associations and information.

Each motion, which is passed during the debate, becomes an administrative and executive act named “resolution” and marked with a progressive number.

How does it work?

How does it work?

The Town Council works in compliance with the municipality Statute. The Mayor (or the chairman) is the only one who has the authority to convoke the Council, whose members usually meet in the Council Chamber situated inside the Town Hall.

There are three types of meetings:

•  Ordinary sessions;

•  Extraordinary sessions;

•  Emergency sessions;

Meetings in ordinary sessions obligatorily take place twice in a year in order to approve the budget and the final balance.

Extraordinary sessions are called in all of the other cases, whereas emergency sessions are convened when it is necessary to decide on urgent matters.

Each session has a different timing for the delivery of the notice of convocation from the council messenger to the councillors: five days before the meeting in case of ordinary sitting, three days in case of an extraordinary session and twenty four hours in case of an emergency meeting.

If that timing is not observed, the session can be invalidated.

Council meetings are usually open to the citizens of Matelica who can listen to the debate without taking part in it, but in exceptional circumstances, when the debate can compromise the privacy of individuals or groups, they are secret.

The convocation notice consists of a list of debate items (the so-called “agenda”), which are also contained in motions that are signed by the municipal officers.

During the sitting, the town clerk minutes the debate and the results of the voting.

Each motion, which is passed during the meeting, becomes an administrative and executive act named “resolution” and marked with a progressive number.

All the original copies of the resolutions are available at one of the Town Hall's offices that is in charge of providing the citizens who apply for with certified copies.

The Student Town Council usually meet in the Council Chamber situated inside the Town Hall, twice in a school year.

In one of the two sittings, they present motions and bring their expectations to the councillors' notice.

During the debate, a municipal officer minutes the results of the voting and the resolutions adopted by the Council.

All the Student Town Council meetings are public and open to citizens.